Fraser Island; image courtesy of Fraser Coast South Burnett TourismQueensland's climate is perfect holiday weather, with warm days and cool nights in summer and short winters bringing cooler nights and mild sunny days. You'll find plenty to see in Queensland – the state is deservedly proud of its World Heritage-listed Great Barrier Reef, magnificent beaches and tropical islands, lush rainforests and vibrant cities, and its unique Outback heritage. Brisbane city, with its relaxed tropical lifestyle, is the capital of Queensland. To the north, Cairns, Port Douglas and Townsville make an ideal base for exploring the lush tropical north, and you can enjoy a cruise out to the spectacular Great Barrier Reef.

Queensland's indigenous culture is the spotlight of world attention. Aboriginal and Islander cultures, dating back 40,000 years, are considered the oldest and most diverse of the surviving indigenous cultures. You'll have many opportunities to experience Queensland's vibrant culture, with contemporary museums, art galleries and performance venues and a full calendar of events and festivals.



History

The state of Queensland spent its early days as a penal settlement administered by the British-controlled colony of New South Wales. In 1859, Queen Victoria gave her approval to establish the new colony of Queensland, which became state in 1901. Much of North Queensland and the Outback were opened up by pioneers farming cattle, sheep and sugarcane and by early prospectors searching for gold.

Population

3.5 million

Capital City

Brisbane

Area of State

1,730.650sq km

Climate

Just over half the state lies in the tropical zone and the remainder in the temperate zone. The average yearly temperatures range from 25ºC in summer to 16ºC in winter.

Time Zone

Australian Eastern Standard Time.

Daylight Saving
Queensland does not have daylight saving.

State Emblems

Animal Emblem: Koala
Floral Emblem: Cooktown Orchid

Major Attractions

Gold Coast, Sunshine Coast, Fraser Island, Great Barrier Reef and its islands, the Outback, Whitsundays, Atherton Tablelands, Port Douglas, Daintree National Park