Also known as the Red Centre because of the colour of the landscape, the principal town in this area is Alice Springs
. Commonly known as the Alice, it is a good base from which to explore the surrounding natural attractions, including the monolith Uluru (Ayers Rock)
, which is one of the most culturally significant icons of Aboriginal and Australian culture. Other sights include Kata Tjuta (the Olgas), 36 dome-shaped peaks near Uluru; Kings Canyon in Watarrka National Park
; the East and West MacDonnell Ranges and the Simpson Desert.